The U.S. Justice Department filed an antitrust lawsuit accusing Apple Inc. as
well as, five major publishers, of conspiring to fix the prices of e-books.
According to the suit filed in a federal court in New York, the alleged
conspiracy was aimed at limiting Amazon.com Inc.’s ability to discount e-books,
and came together as Apple was gearing up to launch its iPad tablet. The
complaint names publishers such as as HarperCollins - a subsidiary of News Corp,
the Penguin Group and Simon & Schuster. In a statement, U.S. Attorney General
Eric Holder said: “As a result of this alleged conspiracy, we believe that
consumers paid millions of dollars more for some of the most popular titles.”
The Justice Department also announced that three of the publishers, Hachette,
HarperCollins and Simon & Schuster, have agreed to a settlement in which they
would grant retailers, such as Amazon and Barnes & Noble Inc., 'the freedom to
reduce the prices of their e-book titles' in a statement. The publishers would
also be required to end 'anticompetitive most-favored-nation agreements with
Apple and other e-books retailers' and will be prohibited for two years 'from
placing constraints on retailers' ability to offer discounts to consumers' the
Justice Department added. The suit said the alleged conspiracy came in response
to Amazon’s successful strategy of cutting the price of newly released and
best-selling e-books to $9.99. “Publishers saw the rise in e-books, and
particularly Amazon’s price discounting, as a substantial challenge to their
traditional business model,” the Justice Department charged. To counter Amazon’s
strategy, the publishers and Apple agreed to a new business model in which
'publishers would take control of retail pricing by appointing retailers as
‘agents’ who would have no power to alter the retail prices set by the
publishers', according to the suit. The lawsuit added that Apple was “perfectly
willing to help the publisher defendants obtain their objective of higher prices
for consumers by ending Amazon’s ‘$9.99’ price program as long as Apple was
guaranteed its 30% margin and could avoid retail-price competition from Amazon.”
The Federal Reserve said on Wednesday in the Feds Beige Book, that the U.S.
economy continued to grow at a 'modest to moderate pace' over the last month.
The term is the same adjective used to describe the economy in the prior two
reports. Every region covered by the Fed's 12 districts grew, ranging from
'modest' in the Cleveland and St. Louis regions to a 'faster pace' in the Kansas
The U.S. Treasury Department reported Wednesday that the U.S. government ran a
budget deficit of $198 billion in March. The March figure pushed the deficit up
to $779 billion for the first six months of fiscal 2012. The deficit for the
first half of fiscal 2012 is lower than the one recorded in the same period in
2011, but the government remains on track to post another deficit of more than
$1 trillion for the entire 2012 fiscal year
Boston Federal Reserve Bank President Eric Rosengren on Wednesday said prime
money-market funds, which make up a big chunk of the $2.7 trillion industry,
have structural problems that could amplify a future financial crisis if further
reforms are not adopted. "Some prime funds have taken on significant credit risk
- at times incurring losses that necessitated the support of the parent or
sponsor of the fund, and in one case substantial government support," said
Rosengren. The Securities and Exchange Commission may soon propose new capital
restrictions on money funds, coupled with limitations or fees on redemptions by
consumers or other money fund purchasers. Rosengren added that with
'appropriately calibrated' capital and redemption policies. the incentive for
investors to run would be greatly reduced. The move would reduce the risk that
investors would not receive the full value of their redemptions, he added.
Comments from Rosengren come after Fed chairman Ben Bernanke on Monday evening
reiterated his concerns about money funds.
On Wednesday, Kansas City Fed President Esther George said the most important
step in restoring market discipline to the financial system would be to
eliminate too-big-to-fail policies, including taking advantage of a provision in
the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act that would force divestitures or termination of new
activities within 180 days if a financial holding company isn't well managed or
capitalized. George also said bank capital standards, in particular leverage
requirements tied to equity capital, need to be strengthened as she fretted
about the lengthy transition period of Basel III. Risk-based capital standards
is a concern of George because banks are quick to arbitrage whatever standards
there are and because it is hard to say risk weights have been accurate measures
of risk. George supported the implementation of the Volcker Rule and added there
may be more financial activities that are incompatible with public safety nets.
The U.S. Labor Department said Wednesday that the prices paid for goods imported
into the U.S. climbed higher by 1.3% in March, mainly because of higher oil
costs. Compared to a revised 0.1% decrease in February, import prices in
February were originally reported up 0.4% and fuel costs surged higher by 4.3%
as the price of oil soared. Excluding fuel prices, import prices rose by only
0.3% last month. The price of U.S.- made goods exported to other nations, rose
0.8% in March.
President Barack Obama on Wednesday touted the controversial and, in many
quarters unpopular, 'Buffett rule' that would force the wealthiest Americans to
pay taxes at the very least at the same rate as regular wage earners. In a twist
aimed to needle conservative opposition, Obama said the principle was once
supported by a 'wild-eyed socialist, tax-hiking, class warrior' named Ronald
Reagan, who once said it was 'crazy' that loopholes allowed millionaires to
avoid paying their share of taxes. Congress should approve the so-called Buffett
Rule, President Barack Obama reiterated on Wednesday, keeping up a push for what
he calls tax fairness. The rule, named after Berkshire Hathaway chairman Warren
Buffett, would require millionaires to pay at least 30% of their income in taxes
before charity. Speaking in Washington, Obama said a vote next week in Congress
is an opportunity for lawmakers 'to stand up for the middle class and make the
tax system fair'.
On Wednesday, Tim Fox, a judge in Arkansas, slapped Johnson & Johnson with a
fine of more than $1.1 billion following a jury ruling that the company's
Janssen subsidiary hid risks associated with Risperdal, an antipsychotic drug.
Judge Fox found that Johnson & Johnson committed about 240,000 violations of the
state's Medicaid fraud law, one for each Risperdal prescription issued to
Medicaid patients over a 31/2-year period, with each violation carrying a $5,000
fine. Johnson & Johnson said it was 'disappointed' with the decision and plans
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April 11, 2012